Basic Facts (at the time of July 31, 1989)

Total border lenght around West Berlin: 96 mi / 155 km

Border between East and West Berlin: 27 mi / 43.1 km

Border between West Berlin and East Germany: 69 mi / 111.9 km

Border through residential areas in Berlin: 23 mi / 37 km

Concrete segment wall: 3.6m (11.81 ft.) high, 66 mi / 106 km

Wire mesh fencing: 41 mi / 66.5 km

Anti-vehicle trenches: 65 mi / 105.5 km

Contact or signal fence: 79 mi / 127.5 km

Column track: 6-7 m (7.33 yd) wide, 77 mi / 124.3 km

Number of watch towers: 302

Number of bunkers: 20

Persons killed on the Berlin Wall: 192

Persons injured by shooting: ca. 200

Berlin Wall Timeline
May 8, 1945
World War II is over and Berlin is divided into 4 sectors:
the American, British, French in the West and
the Soviet in the East
June 30, 1946 At the instigation of the Soviet Military administration the demarcation line between East and West Germany is safeguarded
October 29, 1946 A 30 day valid Interzonenpass is required to travel between the sectors in Germany
June 23, 1948 Currency reform in Berlin, Berlin is divided into two different currency zones
June 24, 1948 Begin of the Berlin blockade
June 25, 1948 Berlin Airlift begins
May 12, 1949 End of Berlin blockade
May 24, 1949 Federal Republic of Germany is founded
(West Germany)
September 30, 1949 End of Berlin Airlift
October 7, 1949 German Democratic Republic is founded
(East Germany)
May 26, 1952 Border between East and West Germany and between East Germany and West Berlin is closed. Only the border between East and West Berlin is still opened
June 17, 1953 Uprising of East Berlin building workers against the imposition of increased working norms, suppression by Red Army tanks
November 14, 1953 The Western Powers waive the Interzonenpass, the Soviet Union follows but East German citizen need a permission to travel to the West
December 11, 1957 Leaving East Germany without permission is forbidden and violations are prosecuted with prison up to three years
August 13, 1961 The Berlin sectorial border between East and West Berlin is closed, barriers are built
August 14, 1961 Brandenburg Gate is closed
August 26, 1961 All crossing points are closed for West Berlin citizens
June 26, 1963 President J. F. Kennedy visits Berlin and says: "Ich bin ein Berliner." ("I am a Berliner.")
December 17, 1963 West Berliner citizen may visit East Berlin the first time after more than two years
September 3, 1971 Four Power's Agreement over Berlin
visiting becomes easier for West Berliners
June 12, 1987 President Ronald Reagan visits Berlin and urges Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev to tear down the Berlin Wall.
September 10, 1989 Hungarian government opens border for East German refugees
November 9, 1989 Berlin Wall is opened
December 22, 1989 Brandenburg Gate is opened
October 3, 1990 Germany is reunited

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